10 Important Tips on Instilling Eye-Drops

10 Important Tips on Instilling Eye-Drops

This is a particularly important page, which I encourage you to read, particularly if you routinely place eye-drops in your eyes Please note that this is a particularly important section! And that there is a good chance that the information presented here will help to improve your quality of life and may even assist you in better managing your glaucoma. My suggestion is that you read this...

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Glaucoma Medications Explained

Glaucoma Medications Explained

This is a particularly important section which I encourage you to read, particularly if you place glaucoma eye-drops regularly. In the following links- you will find, in simple text, information on each and every eye-drop used for glaucoma.  For each class of eye-drops, the mechanism of action, a list of the important side-effects as well as additional information is included. I strongly...

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Treating Glaucoma- Introduction

Once diagnosed with glaucoma, it is essential to lower and balance the intra-ocular pressure as much as possible. The term to ‘balance’ refers to decreasing the pressure to values in which it is expected that the disease will no longer continue to progress, or at least will be significantly slowed down. Generally there are three methods for treating glaucoma: medical treatment, which is...

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Treatment Goals in Glaucoma

Until about twenty years ago the treatment of glaucoma was viewed by the ophthalmologist as having a single aim – the reduction of intraocular pressure to a value of 21 or less. Doctors and patients believed that an eye with an intraocular pressure of 23 suffered from glaucoma and an eye with a pressure of 20 was healthy. Numerous studies done in the last 20 years proved beyond a doubt that...

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Tiloptic / Timolol / Nyolol / Betagan

How the Medication Works: Lowers the pressure within the eye by reducing the amount of fluid (aqueous humor) secreted into the eye. The pressure within the eye is decreased as a result of less fluid production. Directions for Taking the Medication: One eye-drop, twice a day (morning and evening). Advantages of this Medication: There are almost no local side-effects (in the eyes) such as redness...

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Nyolol Gel / Tiloptic XE

This medication is similar to other beta-blockers, and is identical to Tiloptic (Timolol), except for the fact that the active material is in the form of a gel. As a result, absorption by the eye is much better and there are less side-effects (read the side-effects listed for Tiloptic and beta-blockers). Because of the advantageous characteristic of increased absorption, the medication is...

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Betoptic / Betoptic-S

Betoptic / Betoptic-S

How the Medication Works: Lowers intra-ocular pressure by reducing the amount of fluid (aqueous humor) secreted in the eye. Since less fluid is produced, the pressure in the eye is reduced. Directions for Taking the Medication: One eye-drop, twice a day (morning and evening). Advantages of this Medication: This medication is similar to the group of beta-blockers like Tiloptic, with one...

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Trusopt / Azopt

Trusopt / Azopt

How the Medication Works: Lowers the pressure within the eye by reducing the amount of fluid (aqueous humor) secreted into the eye. The pressure within the eye is decreased as a result of less fluid production. Directions for Taking the Medication: One eye-drop, twice a day (morning and evening). In certain cases the medication is given 3 times a day. Advantages of this Medication: It has...

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Cosopt

Cosopt

This eye-drop contains a combination of two different medications: Trusopt and Tiloptic. It is like puring into one bottle both Trusopt and Tiloptic, and mixing the two. The side-effects, advantages and disadvantages are identical to the combination of each of these two medications separately. Taking Cosopt is like taking one drop from each bottle of Trusopt and Tiloptic, except that it is more...

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Xalatan / Glautan / Travatan / Lumigan

Xalatan / Glautan / Travatan / Lumigan

How the Medication Works: Lowers intra-ocular pressure by increasing the drainage of eye fluid (called aqueous humor) out of the eye. Since more fluid is drained, the pressure in the eye is reduced. Directions for Taking the Medication: One eye-drop, once a day, in the evening (or at night, before going to sleep). Advantages of this Medication: Few systemic side-effects and given only once...

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Xalacom

Xalacom

This eye-drop contains a combination of two other medications: Xalatan and Tiloptic. The side-effects, advantages and disadvantages are identical to the combination of each of these two medications separately. Taking Xalcom is like taking one drop from each bottle of Xalatan and Tiloptic, except that it is more convenient (one bottle instead of two). Directions for Taking the Medication: One...

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Alphagan

Alphagan

How the Medication Works: Lowers intra-ocular pressure by reducing the amount of fluid (aqueous humor) secreted in the eye as well as by increasing drainage of the fluid out of the eye. Since less fluid is produced and more fluid is eliminated, the pressure in the eye is reduced. Directions for Taking the Medication: One eye-drop, twice a day (morning and evening). In certain cases the...

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Uramox / Diamox / Neptazane

Uramox / Diamox / Neptazane

How the Medication Works: These tablets lower intra-ocular pressure by reducing the amount of fluid (aqueous humor) produced, and hence secreted, into the eye. Since less fluid is produced, the pressure in the eye is reduced. Directions for Taking the Medication: A full dose of these medications is as follows: Diamox pills: One pill, four times a day. Neptazane pills: One pill, three times a...

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Pilocarpine

How the Medication Works: Pilocarpine lowers intra-ocular pressure by increasing the drainage of eye fluid (called aqueous humor) out of the eye. Since more fluid is drained, the pressure in the eye is lowered. Directions for Taking the Medication: One drop, four times a day. Advantages of this Medication: This medication is both inexpensive and effective and has been in use for many years. Due...

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Glaucoma Medications Rarely Used Today

These are medications that were widely used in the past, but are almost never used today, due to their side-effects (local side-effects: in the eye, and systemic side-effects: of the body), or as a result of relatively minimal effects on intra-ocular pressure. Propine and Phospholine Iodide are almost impossible to find at pharmacies, these days, and probably have little or no use in modern...

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Treatment Options for Dry Eyes

Treatment Options for Dry Eyes

Many different types of eye-drops and ointments exist on the market for the treatment of dry eyes, making it frustrating to figure out which one might be best suited for your...

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Pred-Forte / Dexamycin / Sterodex / FML

Pred-Forte / Dexamycin / Sterodex / FML

Eye-drops that belong to the family of steroids, also called corticosteroids. They are anti-inflammatory and serve to decrease scarring. They are given after intraocular surgeries, such as cataract and glaucoma surgery. After glaucoma surgery, they are initially given very frequently (starting with one drop every hour, during the day), and then the dose is very gradually reduced, as the eye calms...

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Antibiotics

Antibiotics

Antibiotic Eye Drops: Oflox / Gentamycin / Lacromycin / Opti-Genta / Okacin / Vigamox / Zymar Antibiotics are given as eye-drops in order to prevent bacterial infection following intraocular surgery (surgery performed within the eye). They are prescribed as preventative, prophylactic, treatment, usually given at a dose of 3-4 times a day. These same antibiotic drops are given to eyes that already...

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Atropine

Atropine

Atropine is an eye-drop which is used to dilate the pupil for extended periods of time. One drop may dilate the pupil for as long as one to two weeks. This eye-drop is infrequently given to calm the eye, and to reduce inflammation, following specific types of glaucoma...

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